excise


excise

excise [ ɛksiz ] n. f.
• 1688, francisé en accise; mot angl., probablt de l'a. fr. acceis, de °accensum, lat. ad et census
Impôt indirect, en Grande-Bretagne. accise.

excise nom féminin (anglais excise, taxe, du moyen néerlandais excijs) Ensemble des droits payés aux États-Unis et en Grande-Bretagne sur certaines fabrications, consommations et certains services.

⇒EXCISE, subst. fém.
FIN. Impôt indirect perçu en Angleterre, au Canada et aux États-Unis sur certains objets de consommation, principalement sur les alcools, et sur certains services. On me doit quelque chose ici au bureau de l'excise (HUGO, M. Tudor, 1833, I, 6, p. 53). « L'excise » sur l'alcool accentua les craintes, car elle provoqua une vive résistance dans les campagnes [aux États-Unis] (LEFEBVRE, Révol. fr., 1963, p. 620). Cf. aussi accise.
Rem. On rencontre chez V. Hugo, excise employé pour désigner un impôt indirect perçu en France. Le peuple français (...) écrasé de gabelles, d'aides, de censives, de mainmortes, d'accises et d'excises (Nap. le Pt, 1852, p. 137).
P. méton. Bureau où l'on perçoit cet impôt (Dict. XIXe et XXe s.).
Prononc. et Orth. :[] ou [e-]. Cf. é-1. Ds Ac. 1798-1878. Étymol. et Hist. Cf. accise. Fréq. abs. littér. :1.

excise [ɛksiz] n. f.
ÉTYM. 1688, francisé en accise; mot angl., probablt de l'anc. franç. acceis, de accensum, lat. ad, et census, ou du moyen néerl. excijs, var. de accijs. → Accise.
Didact. Impôt indirect, en Grande-Bretagne et aux États-Unis, principalement sur certains produits de consommation (alcools) ou certains services. Accise.Par métonymie. Bureau où cet impôt est perçu.

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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